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Sunday, 04 January 2015 23:08

Titicaca Lake, Uros and Taquile Islands

TITICACA LAKE

The lake is located at the northern end of the endorheic Altiplano basin high in the Andes on the border of Peru and Bolivia (Surface elevation3,812 m - 12,507 ft). The western part of the lake lies within the Puno Region of Peru, and the eastern side is located in the Bolivian La Paz Department.

Titicaca Lake, Puno, Peru

The lake is composed of two nearly separate sub-basins connected by the Strait of Tiquina, which is 800 m (2,620 ft) across at the narrowest point. The larger sub-basin, Lago Grande (also called Lago Chucuito), has a mean depth of 135 m (443 ft) and a maximum depth of 284 m (932 ft). The smaller sub-basin, Wiñaymarka (also called Lago Pequeño, "little lake"), has a mean depth of 9 m (30 ft) and a maximum depth of 40 m (131 ft). The overall average depth of the lake is 107 m (351 ft)

Five major river systems feed into Lake Titicaca. In order of their relative flow volumes these are Ramis, Coata, Ilave, Huancané, and Suchez. More than twenty other smaller streams empty into Titicaca, and the lake has 41 islands, some of which are densely populated.

Having only a single season of free circulation, the lake is monomictic, and water passes through Lago Huiñaimarca and flows out the single outlet at the Río Desaguadero, which then flows south through Bolivia to Lake Poopó. This only accounts for about 10% of the lake's water balance. Evapotranspiration, caused by strong winds and intense sunlight at high altitude, balances the remaining 90% of the water input. It is nearly a closed lake.

Since 2000 Lake Titicaca has experienced constantly receding water levels. Between April and November 2009 alone the water level dropped by 81 cm (32 in), reaching the lowest level since 1949. This drop is caused by shortened rainy seasons and the melting of glaciers feeding the tributaries of the lake. Water pollution is also an increasing concern because cities in the Titicaca watershed grow, sometimes outpacing solid waste and sewage treatment infrastructure.

Thursday, 05 February 2015 16:27

AMAZON RIVER AND MACHU PICCHU 10 days 9 nights

LIMA, IQUITOS, AMAZON RIVER, CUSCO, MACHU PICCHU
Amazon River, Machu Picchu

Prices per person USD:

Tourist Class Hotel 3stars US$ 2964
based on double occupancy

First Class Hotel 4stars US$3882
based on double occupancy

GALAPAGOS ISLANDS, LIMA, NAZCA LINES, CUSCO, MACHU PICCHU AND EASTER ISLAND 19 Days 18 nights
galapagos islands, nazca lines, machu picchu, easter island


Price per person
Tourist class Hotel 3stars US$ 8846 
based on double occupancy

First class Hotel 4stars US$ 9714 
based on double occupancy

Thursday, 06 November 2014 02:17

Sacsayhuaman Information

SACSAYHUAMAN (3,600 m.a.s.l.)

Sacsayhuamán is one of the most amazing Incan constructions for tourists. Its Quechua name means "satisfied falcon", it was the falcon that guarded the capital of the empire, since it was possible to overlook Cusco from the hill in where it was erected. If, as it is known, Cusco was designed with the shape of a lying puma, Sacsayhuamán would be its head, and the Coricancha would correspond to the feline's genitalia. 

Sacsayhuaman, Cusco, Peru

It is said that the work was started by Pachacútec and continued by Túpac Yupanqui, even though some chroniclers state that it was Huayna Cápac who gave it the final touch. Inca Garcilaso de la Vega says that Apu Huallpa Rimachi was the main architect, and that Inca Maricanhi, Acahuana Inca and Calla Cunchuy successively took control of the works. 

Its construction took over seven decades and required the work of 20,000 men approximately, both for the foundations and hewn stone works, the transportation of materials, carving and stones setting. Hewn stones could have been located at Muina, Huacoto and Rumicolca, 20 kilometers away from Cusco, and at closer places such as Sallu, Rumi, Chita, Curovilca and Viracocha. Some of its external walls exceed the 9 meters of height and 350 tons of weight. 

Spectacular fortress built with huge carved rocks jointed with absolute accuracy, this astounding sample of the Incan military architecture is, undoubtedly, the greatest architectonic work of the Tahuantinsuyo. But, in addition, it proves the undeniable firmness of the great administrative capacity of the empire and its powerful logistic system capable of mobilizing and organizing such a work. 

It is located 2 km away from the city of Cusco, that is, 10 minutes by car. As of the Spaniards arrival its aspect has changed a lot, since this fortress was used as a hewn stone to build the colonial Cusco. 

Location

The architectonic complex occupies the edge of the northern slope of the city of Cusco. The southern side of the building was enclosed by a polished wall of almost 400 meters long. The eastern and western borders of the temple were delimited by other walls and cultivation terraces.

Wednesday, 05 November 2014 03:44

Chan Chan Imformation

The Chimu Kingdom, with Chan Chan as its capital, reached its apogee in the 15th century, not long before falling to the Incas. The planning of this huge city, the largest in pre-Columbian America, reflects a strict political and social strategy, marked by the city's division into nine 'citadels' or 'palaces' forming autonomous units.

Chan Chan - Trujillo

The monumental zone of around six square kilometers in the centre of the once twenty square kilometer city, comprises nine large rectangular complexes (‘citadels’ or ‘palaces’) delineated by high thick earthen walls. Within these units, buildings including temples, dwellings, storehouses are arranged around open spaces, together with reservoirs, and funeral platforms.

Chan Chan Trujillo

The earthen walls of the buildings were often decorated with friezes representing abstract motifs, and anthropomorphical and zoomorphical subjects. Around these nine complexes were thirty two semi monumental compounds and four production sectors for activities such as weaving wood and metal working. Extensive agricultural areas and a remnant irrigation system have been found further to the north, east and west of the city.

The Chimu kingdom reached its zenith in the 15th century, not long before falling under the sway of the Incas. In about 1470, after a long war, the Inca Tupac Yupanqui took King Minchancaman in captivity to Cuzco. The king's son, Chumun Caur, governed the kingdom of the north, thereafter weakened and divided, on behalf of the Inca. 

Tuesday, 04 November 2014 04:21

Nazca Lines Information

Nazca Lines - Location

The Nazca Lines are located in the Nazca Desert, a high arid plateau that stretches between the towns of Nazca and Palpa on the pampa (a large flat area of southern Peru). The desolate plain of the Peruvian coast which comprises the Pampas of San Jose (Jumana), Socos, El Ingenio and others in the province of Nasca, is 400 Km. South of Lima, covers an area of approximately 450 km2, of sandy desert as well as the slopes of the contours of the Andes. They cover nearly 400 square miles of desert. Etched in the surface of the desert pampa sand about 300 hundred figures made of straight lines, geometric shapes most clearly visible from the air.

 Nazca Lines overflight

Archaeologists, ethnologists, and anthropologists have studied the ancient Nazca culture to try to determine the purpose of the lines and figures. One hypothesis is that the Nazca people created them to be seen by their gods in the sky. Kosok and Reiche advanced a purpose related to astronomy and cosmology: the lines were intended to act as a kind of observatory, to point to the places on the distant horizon where the sun and other celestial bodies rose or set in the solstices. Many prehistoric indigenous cultures in the Americas and elsewhere constructed earthworks that combined such astronomical sighting with their religious cosmology.

Some Nazca Lines Coordinates

Astronaut
Google Earth coordinates: 14º44'42.79" S - 75º04'47.08"O

Spider
Google Earth coordinates: 14º41'39.63" S - 75º07'21.72"O

Parrot
Google Earth coordinates: 14º41'23.60" S - 75º06'29.41"O

Hummingbird
Google Earth coordinates: 14º41'32.18" S - 75º08'57.05"O

Monkey
Google Earth coordinates: 14º42'26.66" S - 75º08'20.38"O

 

Sunday, 02 November 2014 05:20

Colca Canyon - Colca Valley

COLCA VALLEY
151 km / 94 miles north of Arequipa (3 hours by car)
The extreme northeastern section of the department of Arequipa is located here. The highest point is the inactive volcano Mount Ampato (6288 masl), and the lowest at the confluence of the rivers Colca and Andamayo (970 masl). The Colca valley is 100 km in length and occupies only part of the Colca river basin, comprising the districts of Callalli and Huambo.
There are sixteen villages in this zone made up of descendents of the Collaguas and Cabanas tribes, inheritors of rich cultural traditions. The towns of Chivay and Cabanaconde are the most visited by tourists.
In the latter, you can watch condors soar from the Cruz de Condor (Condor Crossing) Lookout. The Colca valley forms part of the South American tectonic plate and contains the active volcano Sabancaya, located on the volcanic mountain Hualca Hualca. This valley possesses a great diversity of flora and fauna. Among the most representative species are the condor, the kestrel, the peregrine falcon, and the Andean tinamou.

Colca Valley

COLCA CANYON
42 km / 26 miles west of the town of Chivay the capital of the province of Caylloma(1 hour by car)
This is one of the deepest places on the planet, reaching a depth of 3400 meters / 11.155 feet at the lowest point in the location of Canco. On the right side, it is flanked by the Chila Cordillera (Bomboya, Serpregrina, Mismi, Queshihua) and on the other by Mount Hualca Hualca, Sabancaya, and Ampato. You can see Mount Ubinas and beautiful Mount Coropuna in the distance.

Colca Canyon, Condor

Sunday, 02 November 2014 05:04

Caral, the oldest town in the New World

 

Caral

Sometime before 3200 BC, if not 3500 BC, something happened in the Norte Chico in Peru, an agronomical no-go area, where hardly anything grows. This, however, is the site where the oldest traces of a “genuine civilisation” – pyramids included – were found in America.
Here, at least 25 large ceremonial/residential sites have so far been found, of which Caral has become the most famous. The North Chico, roughly 100 km north of the Peruvian capital Lima, consists of four narrow river valleys, from south to north, the Huaura, Supe, Pativilca, and Fortaleza. The ancient pyramids of Caral predate the Inca civilisation by 4000 years, but were flourishing a century before the pyramids of Gizeh. No surprise therefore that they have been identified as the most important archaeological discovery since the discovery of Machu Picchu in 1911.

 

Caral, the oldest town in the New World


 

The first full-scale archaeological investigation of the region took place in 1941 in Aspero, when Gordon R. Willey and John M. Corbert of Harvard investigated a salt marsh at the mouth of the Supe. They found a big trash heap and a multiroomed building with no pottery and a few maize cobs under the pounded clay floor. They wondered how maize could have been cultivated in a salt marsh and why these people could have agriculture, yet no pottery. Willey and Corbett also found six mounds, some of them nearly five metres tall. They were catalogued as "natural eminences of sand". Thirty years later, Willey, in the company of Michael E. Moseley, revisited the site and realised that these "natural eminences" were in fact "temple-type platform mounds". He also realised there might have been as many as seventeen such mounds, all of which Willey had missed on his first exploration of the site. "It is an excellent, if embarrassing, example of not being able to find what you are not looking for", he commented later. As to its age: carbondating revealed that Aspero could go back to 3000 BC, whereby samples from a nearby site even revealed a date of 4900 BC. Those objective findings were nevertheless seen as impossible - far too old with "what was known" and hence not accepted.

 

 

Caral

Caral is located 14 miles inland from Aspero. Even though Caral was discovered in 1905, it was quickly forgotten as the site rendered no gold or even ceramics. It required the arrival of Ruth Shady Solis in Caral in 1994 before a genuine paradigm shift would occur. She is a member of the Archaeological Museum of the National University of San Marcos in Lima. Since 1996, she has co-operated with Jonathan  Haas, of the American Field Museum. Together, they have found a 150-acre array of earthworks, which includes six large platform mounds, one twenty metres high and more than one hundred on a side. But Shady Solis did not make the same mistake Willey had made: she felt that the “pyramids” were just that: they were not natural hills, as some of her predecessor had catalogued the structures of Caral.
Her subsequent research led to the announcement, in the magazine Science on April 27, 2001, of the carbon dating of the site, which revealed that Caral had been founded before 2600 BC. The "impossible" carbondating results of Aspero now seemed more likely... and Caral had become the oldest city in the "New" World, older than the Gizeh pyramids.


What is Caral like? The site is in fact so old that it predates the ceramic period, the reason why no pottery was found. Its importance resides in its domestication of plants, especially cotton, but also beans, squashes and guava.
As mentioned, the heart of the site covers 150 acres and contains six stone platform mounds – pyramids. The largest mound measures 154 by 138 metres, though it rises only to a height of twenty metres; two sunken plazas are at the base of the mound and a large plaza connects all the mounds. The largest pyramid of Peru was terraced with a staircase leading up to an atrium-like platform, culminating in a flattened top housing enclosed rooms and a ceremonial fire pit. All pyramids were built in one or two phases, which means that there was a definitive plan in erecting these monuments. The design of the central plaza would also later be incorporated in all similar structures across the Andes in the millennia to come – thus showing that Caral was a true cradle of civilisation. Around the pyramids were many residential structures. One house revealed the remains of a body that was buried in the wall and appears to have been a natural death, rather than evidence of human sacrifice. Amongst the artefacts discovered are 32 flutes made from pelican and animal bones, engraved with the figures of birds and monkeys. It shows that though situated along the Pacific coast, its inhabitants were aware of the animals of the Amazon.

iHow did the culture begin? It is suggested that several small villages merged in 2700 BC, quite possibly based on the success of early agricultural cultivation and fishing techniques. The invention of cotton fishing nets, the cotton grown in the Supe valley, must have greatly facilitated the fishing industry. It is believed that this excess of food might have resulted in trade with the religious centres. But apart from an economic model of exchange, the new social model also meant that a labour force existed that had in essence little to do. This labour force could thus be used for “religious purposes”. Caral might have been the natural result of this process – just like the pyramids of Egypt seem to have been the result of an available workforce.
The discovery of Caral has therefore reintroduced a powerful enigma: at the same time, on two different continents, agricultural advancements created a new style of life. The available workforce that agriculture had created was reemployed in the construction of pyramids. This “template” is visible in Peru, Sumer and Egypt, all in the 3rd millennium BC. Coincidence, or evidence of design? Alternative researchers will certainly soon reopen this debate, but archaeologists steer well clear of it.

Caral is indeed hard to accept. It is very old. Still, its dating of 2627 BC is beyond dispute, based as it is on carbondating reed and woven carrying bags that were found in situ. These bags were used to carry the stones that were used for the construction of the pyramids. The material is an excellent candidate for dating, thus allowing for a high precision.
The town itself had a population of approximately 3000 people. But there are 17 other sites in the area, allowing for a possible total population of 20,000 people for the Supe valley. Indeed, the Caral archaeological team broke up to investigate some of the other sites, such as along the Pativilca River, the next river to the north, and the Fortaleza, just north of the Pativilca. All of these sites share similarities with Caral. They have small platforms or stone circles and all were major urban centres on par with Caral – though some of them were even older than Caral. Haas believes that Caral was nevertheless the focus of this civilisation, itself part of an even vaster complex, trading with the coastal communities and the regions further inland – as far as the Amazon, if the depiction of monkeys is any indication

  

Caral

In July 2006, Caral was opened for tourism, even though it had already received 7,338 visitors in 2003, 15,265 visitors in 2004 and 21,068 visitors in 2005. With the support of PromPeru, and its location being just two hours north of Lima along the easily accessible Pan-American Highway, this number is expected to rise in the coming years. It will continue to undergo a series of restorations that will provide an added value to the existing and future tourist circuits in the region.
But some of the other sites of Norte Chico are still the almost exclusive bailiwick of archaeologists. One site, Huaricanga, saw a first paper published in December 2004. The team of Haas, Winnifred Creamer and Alvaro Ruiz found evidence of people living inland from the coast as early as 9210 BC, with the oldest date associated with a city being 3500 BC. Other urban sites in the region are now dated as being older than Caral: Caballete at 3100 BC, Porvenir and Upaca at 2700 BC. Charles Mann writes how "individually, none of the twenty-five Norte Chico cities rivaled Sumer's cities in size, but the totality was bigger than Sumer."

Haas describes the civilisation of Norte Chico as the second experiment Mankind did with government: surrendering personal freedom and liberty to a centralised authority, which then apparently decided to create a ritual centre – a city, asking those who had surrendered their freedom to work hard – if not very hard – for this common or greater good. As to why this central government was created, speculation remains. The cities were not sited strategically, nor did they have defensive walls; there was no evidence of warfare. It seems that co-operation existed, because the population realised that co-operation would benefit the individual and the community as a whole. Though Haas and his colleagues put forward several "logical" reasons, Caral is primarily a religious cult centre. And no-one seems to dare to suggest the perhaps obvious reason: that these people built Caral, because of their belief and adoration of one or more deities.
That the workforce involved were not slaves or oppressed is supported by the archaeological evidence. Haas and Creamer believe that the city rulers encouraged the workforce during construction by staging celebratory roasts of fish and achira root. Afterward, the remains of these feasts were worked into the fabric of the mound. Alcohol is suspected of having been consumed, and music seems to have been played: at Caral, Shady's discovery of 32 flutes made of pelican wingbones tucked into a recess in the main temple provides the evidence for that conclusion.
The creation of a religous complex implies the existence of a pantheon. Little evidence has been uncovered of what these gods may have been, other than a drawing etched into the face of a gourd, dated to 2280-2180 BC. It depicts a sharp-toothed, hat-wearing figure who holds a long stick or rod in each hand. The image looks like an early version of the Staff God, a fanged, staff-wielding deity who is one of the main characters in the Andean pantheon, the deity that is figured prominently on the Gateway of the Sun in Tiahuanaco, on the shores of Lake Titicaca.

For an unknown reason, Caral was abandoned rapidly after a period of 500 years (ca. 2100 BC). The preferred theory as to why the people migrated is that the region was hit by a drought, forcing the inhabitants to go elsewhere in search of fertile plains. The fact that the Staff God is found two millennia later elsewhere in Southern America shows that these people did not disappear; they merely moved elsewhere, and seem to have built other religious centres on their travels.
The harsh living conditions have since not disappeared. According to the World Monuments Fund (WMF), Caral is one of the 100 important sites under extreme danger. Shady argues that if the existing pyramids are not reinforced, they will disintegrate further and money from tourism, as well as private donations, will help preserve the site. Conservation will go hand in hand with exploration. And though Caral continues to steal the limelight, other nearby sites, such as Aspero, are older. Indeed, Aspero might one day lay claim to the title of the world's oldest city – the place where human civilisation began. Perhaps we might all once realise the irony of having labelled this continent the "New World".
Solis came to Caral looking for the fabled missing link of archaeology, a “mother city”. Today, she is still trying to convince people that Caral was indeed the oldest urban civilisation in the world. "The discovery of Caral challenged the accepted beliefs. Some historians were not ready to believe that an urban civilisation existed in Peru even before the pyramids were built in Egypt," she says. "This place is somewhere between the seat of the gods and the home of man."

CARAL THE OLDEST TOWN IN THE NEW WORLD

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Saturday, 01 November 2014 02:40

Machu Picchu Information

Machu Picchu "old peak", is a 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level is an outstanding example of man's interaction with his natural environment, in the midst of a tropical mountain forest in an extraordinarily beautiful setting, Machu Picchu was probably the most amazing urban creation of the Inca Empire at its height. It is located in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District in Peru. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Sacred Valley which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cusco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacutec (1438–1472). Often referred to as the "Lost City of the Incas", it is perhaps the most familiar icon of Inca civilization.

Machu Picchu travel


Embedded within a dramatic landscape at the meeting point between the Peruvian Andes and the Amazon Basin, the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is among the greatest artistic, architectural and land use achievements anywhere and the most significant tangible legacy of the Inca civilization. Recognized for outstanding cultural and natural values, the mixed World Heritage property covers 32,592 hectares of mountain slopes, peaks and valleys surrounding its heart, the spectacular archaeological monument of “La Ciudadela” (the Citadel) at more than 2,400 meters above sea level. Built in the fifteenth century Machu Picchu was abandoned when the Inca Empire was conquered by the Spaniards in the sixteenth century. It was not until 1911 that the archaeological complex was made known to the outside world.

The approximately 200 structures making up this outstanding religious, ceremonial, astronomical and agricultural centre are set on a steep ridge, crisscrossed by stone terraces. Following a rigorous plan the city is divided into a lower and upper part, separating the farming from residential areas, with a large square between the two. To this day, many of Machu Picchu’s mysteries remain unresolved, including the exact role it may have played in the Incas’ sophisticated understanding of astronomy and domestication of wild plant species.

Friday, 31 October 2014 15:09

Contract Booking

CONTRACT BOOKING

1.- When you are ready to make reservations for a trip, contact your state agency travel coordinator and/or review your internal travel policies to ensure that proper procedures are followed.

2.- Be sure to double check the accuracy of all information with the travel agent before you hang up. Confirm vendor names, dates, times, and rates. Make note of the agent booking your request

3.-  As soon as you receive your travel itinerary, check all the information to make sure it is correct. Check: your name; times, destinations, the travel dates; the hotel information; and any confirmation numbers. (Note: It is the traveler's responsibility to ensure that all information is correct prior to travel.)

4.- (NOTE: All cancellations must be made in accordance with the travel vendors' cancellation policies.)

5.- Travel Cancellation and Change Policy
You can cancel your reservation at any time with the following charges. If you would like to cancel your reservation, please contact your travel advisor.
Cancellation charges are all calculated from the date of departure from your country.
Refunds are processed and refunded by bank transfer only. In most cases, there is a transfer handling fee. Also, refunds are only processed to bank accounts

6.- CANCELLATION CHARGES:
Deposit paid to reserve trip is 100% non-refundable.
- Every cancellation made by passenger before 60 days prior the beginning date of the tour, must be subject to a penalty of % 12 of the program price (administrative expenses). Payments for Inka Trail, flights and cruises are not refundable due to airlines and operators´ policies. Not changeable in any case.

- Every cancellation made by passenger within 59 and 31days prior the beginning date of tour, must be subject to a penalty of 50% of the program price.

- Every cancellation made by passenger, between 30 days or less prior the beginning date of the tour must be subject to a penalty of 100% of the program price

7.- CHANGE OF ITINERARY
Any changes require at least 30 previous day in advantage, changes after the 29 days will be subject to availability of hotels, airfares, and so on and the passenger will have to cover any extra expenses this involve. The changes in reservations is made 15 labor days prior the date of the travel, will not be accepted.
Once travel has commenced. Unused portions of the itinerary and any extension nights including hotel accommodation, sightseeing tours, air fare or other items included in the tour, are not refundable.
Peru Travel Vacations SAC. may substitute for reasons that are beyond of our control, part of the itinerary or hotels reservations for another of the same or similar category.

8.- CHANGES AND CANCELLATION BY "Peru Travel Vacations"
While "Peru Travel Vacations" will use its best endeavors to operate all tours as advertised, by entering into this contract the Client accepts that it may prove necessary or advisable to vary or modify a tour itinerary or its contents due to prevailing local conditions. "Peruvian Tours" reserves the right at any time to cancel or change any of the facilities, services or prices (including flights, accommodation or other arrangements) and to substitute alternative arrangements of comparable monetary value without compensation and accepts no liability for loss of enjoyment as a result of these changes.

If a major change is known to us at the time of the booking, the Client will be informed immediately. If a major change becomes necessary after booking, "Peru Travel Vacations" will inform the Clients as soon as reasonably possible.
When a major change is made, the Client will have the choice of accepting the change of arrangements, purchasing any other available tour or canceling the tour and obtaining a full refund. This is providing that the major change is not because of force majeure.

Force majeure is war, threat of war, riots, civil strife, industrial dispute, terrorist activities, natural or nuclear disaster, fire or adverse weather conditions, technical or maintenance problems with transport, changes imposed by cancellation or rescheduling of flights by an airline, the alteration of airline or aircraft type, or other similar events beyond the control of "Peru Travel Vacations"

"Peru Travel Vacations" is not liable for any charges in the event of a change - beyond their control - to the departure time or date of a tour, flight or other form of transport.


9.- SPECIAL REQUESTS
Please note that special requests such as diet (accommodation meals), room location/type, a particular facility at a hotel, a particular view, etc. are not guaranteed and form no part of your booking with us, unless stated in our written confirmation.

10.- INSURANCE
We strongly recommended that as time of your booking, you supply your self/customer with insurance policy in your country to cover cancellation charges, luggage claim, medical expenses, accident and others.

11.- RESPONSIBILITY
While we make every effort to provide our service as described, please remember that in Peru the routes and weather are unpredictable.  We cannot and do not guarantee departure and arrival times (such as flights, train, tours, hotels etc...),  please allow yourself plenty of time to make them.
We cannot under any circumstances be responsible for missed connections or other events due to any reason.
Peru Travel Vacations SAC. and cooperating or associated agencies act only in the capacity of agent for the passengers in all matters relating to transportation and all other related travel services (hotels, transportation modes and vehicles) and do not assume responsibility or liability howsoever caused for any injury, loss, damage, delay, mental trauma, to any person or property (including baggage) in connection with any service, including but not limited to that resulting directly or indirectly from natural disaster, annoyance, delays and expenses resulting from quarantine, strikes, detention, thefts, pilferage, force majored, failure of conveyance to arrive and depart as scheduled, civil disturbances, government restrictions or regulations, discrepancies or change in transit, including any other circumstances over which Peru Travel Vacations SAC.  has no control. We reserve the right to change itineraries, if circumstances beyond our control prevent from continuing the trip in a safe and efficient manner. We reserve the right to alter or cancel any trip due to raining season that may be too high for safe passage, sickness, political climate, and insufficient registration or other unforeseen circumstances beyond our control. Any expenses in those cases has to be covered by the client.

12.- RESPONSABILITIES OF TRIP PARTICIPANTS:
Any person participating in a trip with Peru Travel Vacations SAC.  is responsible to other trip members and to Peru Travel Vacations SAC.  its agents and staff. They are responsible for bringing the right equipment and clothing necessary for the trip as stated in the equipment list supplied by v so that their health and well being is not in jeopardy due to inadequacies of such. They are responsible for basic hygiene in order to prevent diseases, adopting normal behavior patterns and acting in an appropriate manner according to the customs of the country being visited.
They must understand that the laws that apply are those of that country, not the country of which they are citizens. The trip leader reserves the right to ask a participant not to continue further on the trip if that person is a health hazard or who might prove to be a risk to him/herself, or others, if they continue to participate on that trip. All participants agree to and are bound to these terms and conditions.

13.- MEDICAL AND HEALTH MATTERS:
It's extremely vital that any persons having any medical problems, needs make them known to Peru Travel Vacations SAC.  well in advance of the departure date. It is also absolutely necessary to notify the trip leader as conditions might dictate, right before and during the trip that a medical need, condition has arisen. The trip leader have the right to disqualify anyone from further participation in the trip if they feel that the person cannot safely complete the trip and might put themselves and, or others in danger. It is the responsibility of all participants who might need any type of personal medication to be prepared to bring with them as much necessary and back-up quantities as might be required. If a situation arises where immediate medical help and, or supplies are not available, which is the case with many adventure trips to remote and isolated regions.
Peru Travel Vacations SAC.  will not be responsible for having those medications on hand. Unfortunately, refunds are not possible under such circumstances. Medical and evacuation insurance should be secured in case of need during adventure travel trips. Peru Travel Vacations SAC.  doesn't assume liability or responsibility for securing the services of any doctor for any of their trips nor is it liable for any medical emergency and evacuation costs incurred by any trip participant. We do provide a group first aid kit that is suitable for some advanced first aid needs but not for major traumas or surgery.

Important note only for passengers taking the Inca trail
**************************************************************
Please note that the Inca trail trekking itself or as part of a package is non-refundable. The 50% deposit you put down is used to reserve space and once a space is booked it cannot be resold afterwards. The above terms and rules are requested by the INC (National institute of Culture) and not by us.

 

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